What are the symptoms of coronavirus, how does it spread, and when you should call a doctor?
What’s Covid-19 – The Virus That Begin in Wuhan?
This illness is caused by an unprecedented member of the coronavirus family. It comes from animals, like any other coronavirus. The majority of the people who were initially infected were frequent shoppers or sellers in the Huanan seafood wholesale market in the center of Wuhan.
What Are the Symptoms?
This coronavirus can cause pneumonia. People with the virus have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing. Severe cases of this coronavirus can cause organ failure. Antibiotic can’t help in these cases because it is viral pneumonia. The antiviral drugs against flu are also useless.
Whether a patient will recover or not depends on their immune system. Patients who died because of this coronavirus were already in poor health with a weak immune system.
Should You Visit a Doctor If You Cough?
The medical advice in the UK is that people who have recently returned from places affected by the virus should:
- Stay at home and avoid contact with others
- Inform NHS 111 of their recent travel to the particular place
Can This Coronavirus Spread from Person to Person?
According to the national health commission of China, the virus is transmitted from one person to another, just like in other places.
How Many People Have Fallen Ill?
As of March 2, the virus has affected around 87,000 people around the world. There are 80,026 confirmed cases only in China, 56% (44,462) of which have recovered and 3,6% (2,912) have died.
The virus has spread around the world in around 30 other countries. Japan is one of the most badly affected countries with 850 cases, 691 of which are from a cruise ship docked in Yokohama and 4 deaths. South Korea has reported around 4,212 cases of the coronavirus and 22 deaths, while Italy has reported around 1,100 cases and 29 deaths. Deaths from the virus have also been recorded in Taiwan, Hong Kong, The US, the Philippines, and France.
The UK has recorded 40 cases and no deaths.
Countries with confirmed cases
China :80303 cases
Republic of Korea :4812 cases
Italy :2036 cases
Iran (Islamic Republic of) :1501 cases
International conveyance (Diamond Princess) :706 cases
Japan :268 cases
France :191 cases
Germany :157 cases
Spain :114 cases
Singapore :108 cases
United States of America :88 cases
Kuwait :56 cases
Bahrain :49 cases
Thailand :43 cases
United Kingdom :39 cases
Australia :33 cases
Switzerland :30 cases
Malaysia :29 cases
Canada :27 cases
Iraq :26 cases
Norway :25 cases
United Arab Emirates :21 cases
Austria :18 cases
Netherlands :18 cases
Viet Nam :16 cases
Sweden :15 cases
Lebanon :13 cases
Israel :10 cases
How to Protect from Coronavirus?
- Wash your hands regularly with clean water and soap. Foam your hands, including the space between your fingers, the backs, and under your nails and scrub for 20 seconds. Rinse with clean, running water.
- When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose using a tissue and then throw it in the trash and wash your hands. When out of tissues, use your elbow instead of your hands.
- Wear a face mask to protect from liquid droplets. Have in mind that face masks don’t block smaller aerosol particles which can pass through the mask’s material.
- If you have a cough, fever, and difficulty breathing, ask for medical help by phone and inform the healthcare providers about your travel history.
- If you’ve traveled from China, South Korea, Italy, Iran, or another affected area in the last 14 days, stay home and avoid contact with others for 2 weeks. During this period, don’t go to work, school, or any other public area.
- Don’t leave your home and follow a doctor’s advice if you have a high temperature, runny nose, cough, difficulty breathing, or sore throat after traveling from an affected area.
Why Is Coronavirus Worse Than Seasonal Flu?
It’s still unclear how dangerous this virus is, and it will stay that way until new data comes in. For now, the mortality rate is 2% in Hubei province, the epicenter of the outbreak, and less in other places. The death rate of normal influenza is lower than 1% and causes around 400,000 deaths annually around the world. On the other hand, the mortality rate of Sars is more than 10%.
Experts still don’t know how contagious the new coronavirus is. Unfortunately, there’s no vaccine for this virus, unlike flu, so it’s more dangerous for elderly people or those with chronic immune or respiratory diseases. That’s why avoiding other people and washing your hands are crucial if you feel unwell. You can get the flu vaccine if you want to decrease the burden on health services in case the virus becomes an epidemic.
Have There Been Other Coronaviruses?
Mers is not as contagious as Sars, infecting around 2,500 people but killing 35% of them. Sars caused a global panic, spreading in 37 countries around the world, affecting 8,000 people. The mortality rate of Sars is lower than Mers, killing 750 people from the 8,000 infected.
It the New Coronavirus a Pandemic and Should You Panic?
According to the World Health Organization, a pandemic is the worldwide spread of disease. So, even though the new coronavirus has spread outside China, it’s something that was expected. Therefore, the WHO says the outbreak is not a pandemic, but a public health emergency of international concern.
The main problems are how contagious the virus is and what proportion become severely infected and end up in the hospital. Most viruses which are transmitted easily have a milder impact. In general, the new coronavirus tends to hit the elderly, with few cases in kids.
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source(s): the Guardian,CNN,CDC,WHO